1. Career of royal sapphire
Kirkwood credits her initial interest in glass art to meeting renowned glass artist Danny Lane in the United Kingdom. When she returned to New Zealand, her interest grew, but with two young children, she was not able to attend a formal multi-year course in glass art at a university.
She purchased a glass kiln and began to learn independently. Kirkwood's works have won recognition in a range of competitions and exhibitions. Her work was selected for inclusion in the Bombay Sapphire Blue Room exhibition in 2007, and for a Matariki-themed exhibition organised by Manukau City Council in 2009.
In 2009 she won the Auckland Royal Easter Show art awards in the glass art category with her 'Puawai' piece. In 2014 and 2012, she was selected as a finalist in the Australian Ranamok Glass Prize She has also contributed to the Project Twin Streams project in Waitakere by producing a major artwork near the pathway at Millbrook Esplanade. Her glass sculpture 'Te Aho Maumahara Sacred Strand of Memories' hangs in the community area of the Devonport Library.
In 2014, her work was exhibited in the group show Te Hau A Uru: A Message from the West at Te Uru Waitakere Contemporary Gallery alongside artists Rebecca Baumann, Philip Dadson, Brett Graham, Lisa Reihana and Tanya Ruka. Between June 2015 and February 2016, Kirkwood's Ka Awatea series, previously displayed at Pataka Art Museum in 2012, was exhibited at the De Young Fine Arts Museum in San Francisco. In June 2016, Krero Mai, Krero Atu, featuring the work of Kirkwood and jeweller Areta Wilkinson opened at the Auckland War Memorial Museum.
2. HMS of royal sapphire
Eight ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Sapphire, after the Sapphire, a precious gemstone: HMSÂ SapphireÂ (1651) was a 34-gun ship launched in 1651 and run ashore to avoid capture in 1671. HMSÂ SapphireÂ (1675) was a 32-gun fifth-rate frigate launched in 1675 and scuttled by her captain (Capt.
Thomas Cleasby) to prevent capture by the French in 1696. HMSÂ SapphireÂ (1708) was a 42-gun fourth rate launched in 1708, hulked in 1740 and sold in 1745. HMSÂ SapphireÂ (1741) was a 44-gun fifth rate launched in 1741.
She was reduced to 32 guns in 1756 and had been hulked by 1780. She was sold in 1784, HMSÂ SapphireÂ (1806) was an 18-gun sloop launched in 1806 and sold in 1822. HMSÂ SapphireÂ (1827) was a 28-gun sixth rate launched in 1827 and sold in 1864.
HMSÂ SapphireÂ (1874) was a Amethyst-class wooden screw corvette launched in 1874 and sold in 1892. HMSÂ SapphireÂ (1904) was a Topaze-class third-class protected cruiser launched in 1904 and sold for scrap in 1921. HMTÂ SapphireÂ (1935) was an ASW trawler (P.
No.T.27) sold on 9 April 1946 and scrapped at Stavanger, Norway in June 1970.
3. Mount Barrington of royal sapphire
Mount Barrington, a mountain that is part of the Mount Royal Range, is located on the Barrington Tops plateau in the Mid-Coast Council within New South Wales, Australia and has an elevation of 1,555 metres (5,102Â ft) above sea level. Now the remnants of a volcano, Mount Barrington, formerly the Barrington Volcano, erupted near its present peak between 44 and 54 million years ago.
The eruption caused a 700-cubic-kilometre (170Â cuÂ mi) basalt flow, which covered much of the Barrington Tops plateau. The lava was up to 1,000 metres (3,300Â ft) thick. The extensive rainforests in the area grow on much of the resultant red/brown soils.
Gemstones such as zircon, sapphire and ruby were formed from the volcano. Nearby Careys Peak is considered a vent in this extinct shield volcano. The surrounding area is covered by sub alpine Snow Gum woodland, with rainforest on the escarpment edge and in fire free gullies.
4. Seven Years War of royal sapphire
In 1755, Strachan was appointed second lieutenant aboard the 98-gun HMS St George, which was then the flagship of Lord Hawke. The following year Strachan accompanied Hawke to Gibraltar aboard HMS Antelope, to relieve John Byng.
On arriving he was appointed to command the 18-gun sloop HMS Fortune, and on 9 September 1756 was posted to HMS Experiment. Serving on the Experiment he captured the 20-gun French privateer Tlmaque off Alicante on 19 July 1757, in a lopsided engagement that saw 110 French sailors killed and 156 wounded, against a total of 41 British casualties. During the encounter Strachan came alongside and sent a boarding party onto the Tlmaque under William Locker, who secured her surrender.
Strachan took the prize into Gibraltar and along with Locker, was reassigned to the 32-gun HMS Sapphire. He returned to England aboard her and in 1759 was attached to the Grand Fleet under Sir Edward Hawke. He was then assigned to the light squadron in Quiberon Bay under Commodore Robert Duff, and was present at the Battle of Quiberon Bay on 20 November 1759.
Strachan remained in command of the Sapphire until 1762.
5. Royal Navy warships of royal sapphire
All British warships which served in the Dardanelles region received the battle honour Dardanelles 1915 after the war Seaplane carriers Ark Royal Ben-my-Chree Battleships Queen Elizabeth Battlecruisers Indefatigable Indomitable Inflexible (mined and damaged on March 18) Pre-dreadnought battleships Agamemnon Albion Canopus Cornwallis Exmouth Glory Goliath (torpedoed and sunk on May 13 at Cape Helles, 570 men killed) Hibernia Implacable Irresistible (mined and sunk on March 18, 150 men killed) London Lord Nelson Magnificent Majestic (torpedoed and sunk on May 27 at Cape Helles, 49 men killed) Mars Ocean (mined and sunk on March 18, little loss of life) Prince George Prince of Wales Queen Russell Swiftsure Triumph (torpedoed and sunk on May 25 at Anzac, 78 men killed) Venerable Vengeance Zealandia Cruisers Amethyst Bacchante Blenheim Chatham Cornwall Dartmouth Doris Dublin Edgar Endymion Europa Euryalus Grafton Kent Minerva Phaeton Sapphire Talbot Theseus Destroyers Arno Beagle Bulldog Chelmer Colne Foxhound Grampus Grasshopper Hussar Jed Kennet Louis (ran aground during a gale and destroyed by shellfire on October 31) Lydiard Laforey Lawford Mosquito Partridge Pincher Racoon Rattlesnake Renard Ribble Savage Scorpion Scourge Usk Wear Wolverine Monitors Abercrombie Earl of Peterborough Havelock Humber Raglan Roberts Sir Thomas Picton M33 Sloops Anemone Aster Heliotrope Honeysuckle Jonquil (HQ for British IX Corps at Suvla) Submarines B6 B11 E2 E7 (scuttled on September 5) E11 E14 E15 (destroyed on April 19) E20 (torpedoed and sunk on November 5) Other Beryl (Trawler / minesweeper) Canning (Kite balloon ship) Egmont (Ironclad, formerly Achilles) Guildford Castle (Hospital ship) Hector (Kite balloon ship) Heroic (Armed Boarding Steamer) Manica (Kite balloon ship) Triad (Yacht) Barryfield (paddle steamer converted to landing vessel)http://historicalrfa.
6. Abraham Harderet of royal sapphire
Abraham Harderet (fl. 1604-1625), goldsmith and jeweller to Elizabeth I of England and Anne of Denmark Abraham Harderet was the son of Martin Harderet and Rachel Fontaine or Le Maon, daughter of Robert le Maon, Sieur de la Fontaine, a refugee from the St.
Bartholomew's Day massacre. The family were French Huguenots and the name was also written as "Hardret" and "Hardrett". In 1604 Abraham claimed that Queen Elizabeth had owed him 1,075, and was appointed a jeweller to King James I or Anne of Denmark with an annual salary of 50.
Jacob, Martin and Nathaniel Harderet were also active as jewellers in this period. King James I gave Abraham and Martin a gift of 200 confiscated from recusants in 1604, Abraham and Nathaniel were confirmed as jewellers to the king in 1608, and Jacob, Abraham's brother, enlarged a chain for Princess Elizabeth in 1610. Martin had been recorded as "Martyn Harderettes", a "stranger" or foreigner in St Faith's parish in Farringdon, London, in 1582.
Listed next to Martin Harderet in 1582, another of the St Faith's strangers was "Robert Fountayne" who was probably Rachel's father, while "Cornelis Dregg" or "Drodger" may be the Dutch craftsman who engraved a sapphire with Queen Elizabeth's portrait for Anne of Denmark in 1598. Cornelius "Draggie" turned up in Edinburgh in 1601, attempting to set up a weaver's workshop to exploit generous subsidies for expert craftsmen, but the other weavers protested he was a lapidary, not a weaver. Martin was probably the Martin Hardrett who supplied items to the queen's revels as a "Milliner" as early as 1574.
In June 1604 Abraham, after petitioning the Earl of Salisbury and the Earl of Nottingham for a place as a court jeweller, was invited to draft the details of the office of Surveyor of Jewels, and was made a jeweller to King, Queen and Prince of Wales. In 1608 Martin Harderet was a witness at the christening of James Oliver, a son of the portrait miniature painter Isaac Oliver, and he may have provided cases for Oliver's miniatures. Martin died in April 1612, amongst his bequests leaving a house in Compigne to Abraham.
Jacob Harderet supplied pendants and rings to Princess Elizabeth in April 1612. In 1613 Abraham Harderet accompanied Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia to Heidelberg. He returned with her letter to John Murray of the Bedchamber, which explained that she had been obliged to buy jewels from Harderet to give as gifts at her wedding and during her journey, even to "indifferent persons", many more than she could pay for, and Harderet could show Murray the bills she had signed.
Elizabeth wanted Murray to arrange it so Sir Julius Caesar, Chancellor of the Exchequer would write an order pay Harderet. Jacob Harderet had provided diamond and ruby rings and pendants for Elizabeth to give away as she left England, and she wrote directly to Sir Julius Caesar to pay his bill of 500. Abraham Harderet, with the other royal jewellers George Heriot, William Herrick and John Spilman, joined the funeral procession of Anna of Denmark in 1619.
Rachel Fontaine was a relation of Jehanne Hersent, the wife of Abraham Aurelle the minister of the French Church on Threadneedle Street. In October 1613 she was a witness at the christening of their daughter Jahel, with Abraham van Delden and Jal de Peigne, widow of Sir Henry Killigrew. Rachel's daughter Elizabeth Harderet married Caesar Calandrini, a minister of the Italian church in London, from Lucca.
Her sister-in-law Elizabeth Calandrini was the wife of the financier Philip Burlamachi. Abraham Harderet was still listed as a jeweller to King James in 1625.
Joannah Tincey of royal sapphire
Joannah Tincey is an English actress. She attended Guildford School of Acting and later trained at RADA. In 2007, she won a Carleton Hobbs Bursary and joined the BBC's Radio Drama Company.
In 2008, she starred in Slipstream and also took part in the Sapphire and Steel audio dramas Remember Me and Wall of Darkness. Tincey married fellow actor Nick Underwood, and in 2014 they performed a two-person version of Pride and Prejudice together, between them playing twenty-one different characters. After touring Britain, in 2016 the performance arrived at the Greenwich Theatre and then the Jermyn Street Theatre.
She is an Associate Artist of Scary Little Girls.
8. Crown of Wilhelm II of royal sapphire
The Crown of Wilhelm II, also known as the Hohenzollern Crown, is the 1888 crown made for Wilhelm II, German Emperor, in his role as King of Prussia.
It was only used for heraldic purposes. A Crown of the German Empire was never made. The crown is surmounted by a diamond-studded cross which rests on a large sapphire.
These rest on eight half-arches rising from the base that are adorned with 142 rose-cut diamonds and 18 diamonds. Eight large pearls are mounted between the arches. When William abdicated in 1918 he was permitted to retain the jewels, which included the Hohenzollern crown.
To protect it from theft and destruction during World War II, it was hidden in a wall in the crypt of a church. After the war it was returned to the Hohenzollern family and is now kept at the family residence of the Hohenzollern Castle.